Shimla, Manali, and Dharamshala are all hill stations in the Himalayas, but Shimla is the coldest of the three at night. There are a few reasons for this:
Altitude: Shimla is the highest of the three hill stations, at an altitude of 2,200 meters (7,200 feet). The higher the altitude, the colder the air.
Wind direction: The wind in Shimla tends to blow from the north, which brings in cold air from the Himalayas. The wind in Manali and Dharamshala tends to blow from the south, which brings in warmer air from the plains.
Vegetation: Shimla is less forested than Manali and Dharamshala. Trees help to trap heat, so a less forested area will be colder at night.
In addition to these factors, the temperature in Shimla can also be affected by the presence of a temperature inversion. A temperature inversion is a layer of warm air that sits above a layer of cold air. This can happen when the sun goes down and the ground starts to cool down. The cold air then sinks to the bottom, while the warm air stays trapped above it. This can cause the temperature in Shimla to drop even further at night.
If you are planning a trip to Shimla, be sure to pack warm clothes! The temperature can drop below freezing at night, even in the summer.
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